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Buddhist Economics, Shinichi Inoue



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Syllabus of the Subject

Principles of the Buddhist Economics: capitalism and socialism


  1. Introduction to the Buddhist Economics
  2. E. F. Schumacher, “Small is beautiful”
  3. Shinichi Inoue: “Buddhist Economics: The emerging way between the capitalism and socialism”
  4. Gross National Happiness Index
  5. Manifest for a Buddhist Economics

Asia Masters, Doctorate (Global Business, Foreign Trade)


The Subject “Principles of the Buddhist Economics” belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Course: Buddhism, Ethics and Business.

Buddhism and Global Business

Doctorate: Ethics, Religion & Business.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Masters: International Business, Religions & Business.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Languages: Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Economía Budista Study Doctorate in International Business in French Économie bouddhiste Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Budismo.

Why study “Buddhism and Business”?.



Principles of the Buddhist Economics.

The life of the Buddha is the pillar of the Buddhist Economics principles. Siddhartha, the Buddha, rejected the material comforts of the real life (he renounced to his reign); he noticed the futility of the asceticism after experiencing the denial of natural physical needs.

Buddhism was able to transform the societies and economies in China, Singapore, South Korea, Vietnam, and Japan through the introduction of ethical concepts in the pursuit of profit.

Foreign Trade and Business in Southeast Asia (ASEAN)

The Japanese expert in the Buddhist Economics, Shinichi Inoue published in 1997 the book “Putting Buddhism to work: A new approach to management and business” published by Kodansha International Ltd. (Tokyo). Inoue subtitles the book “Buddhist Economics: The emerging path between the capitalism and socialism.”

“The Buddha drew a fine line between the materialism and the denial of the World, and this middle path or moderate perspective is essential to the understanding of the Buddhist Economics” Shinichi Inoue.

Buddhist Economics
Principles of the Buddhist Economics: capitalism and socialism, Shinichi Inoue, Gross National Happiness Index

Based on the concept of Buddha that spiritual liberation is achieved by avoiding the extremes, either by indulgence in worldly pleasures or severe asceticism and crossing “the Middle Way,” Inoue recommended the “Buddhist Economics” as the ideal middle way between the competing models of capitalism and socialism.

For the author, none of these systems has contained the relentless destruction of the environment and the human community.

His Buddhist economy model is based on taking the best aspects of both economic systems. He seeks to reconcile competition and the free market while respecting environment and humanity, to achieve a more just world.

Inoue identifies three fundamentals principles underlying the model of the Buddhist Economics. An economy...

  1. ... That benefits oneself but also to others
  2. ... Based on the principles of tolerance and peace
  3. ... That can saves the Earth

The German economist E. F. Schumacher (1911-1977) wrote this influential book in 1973. Schumacher was an adviser to the UN, and on a trip to Burma developed the concept in his essay “Buddhist Economics,” which was later included in his book “Small is beautiful: a study of economics as if people mattered.”

The essay shows how people should seek the goodness not only for personal development but also for their community. This principle is common to all the Asian religions.

As an alternative to the GDP, and based on the studies of Schumacher, in 1972 the King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuk, created the Gross National Happiness Index to measure the Bhutanese economy, which according to the King, was based on the Buddhist principles.

The true development of humanity is in the complementarity and mutual reinforcement of material and spiritual development” Jigme Singye Wangchuk

Gross National Happiness

Religions and Business.

Gita-Ramakrishna Institute (Es).



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