African Religions: Christianity, Islam, Animism

EENI- School of International Business

AlgeriaSunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%.
Angolaindigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.).
Beninindigenous beliefs 70%, Muslim 15%, Christian 15%
Botswanaindigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 50%
Burkina Fasoindigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 50%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
BurundiChristian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
Cameroonindigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Cape VerdeRoman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs); Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)
Central African Republicindigenous beliefs 24%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%, other 11%
note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
ChadMuslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs (mostly animism) 25%
The ComorosSunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%
Congo, Dem. Rep. of theRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Democratic Republic of the CongoChristian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%
Ivory CoastMuslim 60%, Christian 22%, indigenous 18% (some of these are also numbered among the Christians and Muslims)
DjiboutiMuslim 94%, Christian 6%
EgyptMuslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6%
Equatorial Guineanominally Christian and mainly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
EritreaMuslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
EthiopiaMuslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%
GabonChristian 55%-75%, Muslim less than 1%, animist
GambiaMuslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Ghanaindigenous beliefs 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%, other 8%
GuineaMuslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Guinea-Bissauindigenous beliefs 50%, Muslim 45%, Christian 5%
KenyaProtestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, indigenous beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, other 1%
LesothoChristian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20%
Liberiaindigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
LibyaSunni Muslim 97%
Madagascarindigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%
MalawiProtestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs
MaliMuslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
MauritaniaMuslim 100%
MauritiusHindu 52%, Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%, other 3.1%
MayotteMuslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
MoroccoMuslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%
Mozambiqueindigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%
NamibiaChristian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
NigerMuslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians
NigeriaMuslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
ReunionRoman Catholic 86%, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist (1995)
RwandaRoman Catholic 65%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 1%, indigenous beliefs and other 25%
Sao Tome and PrincipeChristian 80% (Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day Adventist)
SenegalMuslim 92%, indigenous beliefs 6%, Christian 2% (mostly Roman Catholic)
SeychellesRoman Catholic 90%, Anglican 8%, other 2%
Sierra LeoneMuslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
SomaliaSunni Muslim
South AfricaChristian 68% (includes most whites and Coloreds, about 60% of blacks and 40% of Indians), Muslim 2%, Hindu 1.5% (60% of Indians), indigenous beliefs and animist 28.5%
SudanSunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
SwazilandChristian 60%, indigenous beliefs 40%
Tanzaniamainland - Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Togoindigenous beliefs 70%, Christian 20%, Muslim 10%
TunisiaMuslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%
UgandaRoman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
Western SaharaMuslim
ZambiaChristian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Zimbabwesyncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
Source: “the World Factbook,” CIA, USA.

EENI Business School