Justification of the Project Religion, Ethics, and Business (Doctorate)

EENI Business School & HA University

Project Sri Ramakrishna - Toynbee: Religion, Ethics, and International Business

If a businessperson is operating in the global market, her or she should learn the foreign trade techniques (transport, Incoterms, documents, customs), international marketing (distribution, prices, adaptation of products, promotion policies), environment of the markets where he wishes to do business as well as the intercultural negotiation fundamentals.

However, it is also necessary to know the largest religions in the World.

The Businessman needs to know the World's Religions, because they influence significantly on the way of doing business in each market, especially in “non-Western” countries. The great part of humanity - Africa, Latin America, the Arab Countries, India, and Southeast Asia - is much more spiritual than the West, a factor that we cannot forget.

It is also highly recommended knowing the ethical principles of World's Religions for a personal enrichment, as a way to increase the wisdom of each person.

However, also; he needs to know them because they are Wisdom traditions of humanity that are the global ethics sources common to all religions.

More and more some scholars advocate searching these ethical principles shared by all the faiths. Instead of looking for the differences, we should find points of convergence, facilitating dialogue, international relations, and business.

In 1948, the great British historian Arnold Toynbee in is his essay “Civilisation on Trial” said:

“Who are the greatest benefactors of the living generation of humanity?

I should say Confucius and Lao Tzu, Buddha, the prophets of Israel and Judah, Zoroaster, Jesus, Muhammad, and Socrates.”

Harmony of Religions (e-Doctorate)

The mystic renovator of Hinduism, Sri Ramakrishna, at the end of the 19th century introduced a crucial message: all religions are truthful (Principle of Harmony of Religions). Ramakrishna also said that religions are a path to reach God, but they are not God in absolute.

“God has made different religions to suit different aspirations, times, and countries. All doctrines are only so many paths, but a path is by no means God Himself

Everyone should follow his religion. A Christian should follow Christianity; a Muslim should follow Islam, and so on. For Hinduism, the old way, the way of the Aryan wises is the best.”

Looking to build a bridge between West and East, and given the importance and vision of Toynbee and Ramakrishna, this project is titled:

Project Sri Ramakrishna - Toynbee: Religion, Ethics, and International Business.

This project has been developed under this point of view. The finite, created by human beings, such as churches, should be subject to debate and criticism; but the infinite, the higher absolute reality is out of human reach.

Religions, from a finite perspective, to be interpreted by man, have positive aspects but also negative. There are many essays on negative aspects of religions, a reality that history has taught us.

However, religions also have a positive side, as ancient wisdom sources, emanating ethical principles shared by almost all the higher religions.

This will be another objective of this essay, find these common ethical principles shared by all the religions, focusing mostly on the positive side of the religions.

e-Doctorate: Ahimsa Business (Non-Violence)

Analysing the ethical principles and sacred books of Jainism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Islam or Taoism is difficult to find negative values.

Concepts such as Ahimsa (Non-Violence), truthfulness, justice, philanthropy, respect for the environment, the universal golden rule will be common.

The Director of this project apologizes, whether through ignorance or lack of information, has been able to offend to some follower of the religions analysed.

Pedro Nonell Torres


  1. Why study Religions and International Business?
  2. Why do we need global ethics?

Jainism Business and Ethics (Doctorate)

  1. Professional Doctorate in Global Ethics, Religions, and International Business
  2. Master in Religions, Business and International Economic Relations

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Paterson Ngatchou: EENI Academic Coordinator for Anglophone Countries
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