Free Trade Agreements (FTA) in Asia

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Module Asian Free Trade Agreements (FTA) - Master and Doctorate in Business in Asia (eLearning)

The module “Asian Free Trade Agreements” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs (Online Master of Science) taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Doctorate in Business in Asia
  2. Master of Science in Business in Asia
  3. Master of Science in International Economic Relations

Online Students, Master in International Business

In Asia there are several Trade Agreements (Free Trade Agreements, Economic Partnership...), both regional and extra-regional:

  1. Intra-regional: ASEAN, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Bay of Bengal Initiative (BIMSTEC), South Asian Free-Trade Area (SAFTA), Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEc), Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO)
  2. Extra-regional: Trans-Pacific Agreement, APEC, agreements with the European Union (EU)
  3. Bilateral intra-regional: China-ASEAN, India-Korea
  4. Bilateral extra-regional: China-Chile, Mexico-Japan

Furthermore, each Asian Country can have Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with third countries. For example, Singapore has trade agreements with Peru, Panama, Australia, China, Korea, the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the United States, Japan, Jordan, New Zealand, and India, and is a member of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement.

A company wishing to do business in Asia should know all these agreements in force for all the target markets in the region.

The Online Master of Science in Business in Asia and the Doctorate includes the following Free Trade Agreements (FTA) and institutions related to foreign trade in the region.

Master: Asia Free Trade Agreements
Source: Economic and Social Commission for Asia.

Master: Asia Trade Agreements
  1. Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement
  2. Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement

Free Trade Agreements of India.

  1. India-Sri Lanka
  2. India-Thailand
  3. India-Singapore
  4. India-Chile
  5. India-MERCOSUR
  6. Andean Community-India
  7. India-South Korea
  8. India-European Union
  9. India-New Zealand
  10. India-Mauritius
  11. ASEAN-India
  12. India-Southern Africa Customs Union

Proposed/Under consultation and study.

  1. India-Indonesia
  2. India-Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
  3. India-Canada
  4. India-Australia
  5. India-European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Free Trade Agreement (FTA) of China.

  1. China-ASEAN
  2. China-Pakistan
  3. China-New Zealand
  4. China-Singapore
  5. European Union-China
  6. China-Chile
  7. Andean Community-China
  8. China-Peru
  9. China-Costa Rica

Trade Agreements (other ASEAN Countries):

  1. ASEAN-Canada
  2. ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand
  3. ASEAN-European Union
  4. ASEAN-Japan
  5. ASEAN-Korea
  6. ASEAN-Russia
  7. ASEAN-United States
  8. ASEAN-Pakistan
  9. India-Thailand
  10. India-Indonesia

Singapore.

  1. Singapore-Korea
  2. Singapore-Australia
  3. Singapore-New Zealand
  4. United States-Singapore
  5. Singapore-Peru
  6. Singapore-Panama
  7. Singapore-European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
  8. Singapore-Japan
  9. Singapore-Jordan

Agreements (other Asian Countries):

  1. Preferential Trade Area Mauritius-Pakistan
  2. United States-Korea
  3. European Union-South Korea
  4. South Korea-Chile
  5. Peru-South Korea
  6. Mexico-Japan
  7. Taiwan-Nicaragua
  8. Panama-Taiwan
  9. Guatemala-Taiwan
  10. Taiwan-Honduras-El Salvador
  11. United States-Australia
  12. Australia-Chile

If the country of the exporter (or importer):

a) Has Agreements in force with some Asian Country:

The exporter should take advantages of the agreement (tariff reductions, rules and certificate of origin, technical standards, investment, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), public procurement, trade in services...) however, also needs to know if other countries may have agreements in force with one of these countries.

b) Has no agreement in force with any Asian Country:

One possible scenario is that another country (or region) can have an agreement in force with the Asian Countries. Then, the exporter has a disadvantage.

All these factors are essential to design and adapt the International Marketing strategy for each target market in Asia.

For example, an Argentinian company wishing to export to Singapore would be at a disadvantage with a Peruvian, Panamanian or Chinese company, as both Peru, Panama, and China have a Trade Agreement in force with Singapore, and the Peruvian, Panamanian or Chinese company have all the advantages inherent to the FTA (although each agreement may vary in content). The Argentinian company should consider this factor in its export strategy to the region.





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Master: Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement APTA

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