Latin American Economy and Foreign Trade

EENI- School of International Business

Subject: Economy and Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean. Syllabus:

  1. Introduction to the Economy of Latin America
  2. The Economic Profile of Latin America
  3. The Effects of the global crisis in Latin America and the Caribbean
  4. Scenario after the crisis
  5. Key challenges: innovation and technological change
  6. The International Trade of Latin America
  7. The Economic relations between China and Latin America
  8. The Growing influence of China and other emerging economies
  9. The Regional Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean
  10. Analysis of the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean published by the ECLAC

The aims of the subject “The Latin American Economy” are the following:

  1. To analyse the evolution of the Latin American Economy
  2. To assess the effects of the global crisis in the region
  3. To analyse the intra-Latin American trade
  4. To explore the trade relations between China and the Latin American Countries
  5. To evaluate the degree of the Latin American economic integration
The subject “Economy and Integration of Latin America” is studied...
  1. Masters (e-learning): International Business, America
  2. Doctorate in Business in America
  3. Diploma: Latin American Integration

Languages of study English or Spanish America Latina Portuguese America French Amérique

  1. Credits of the subject “The Latin American Economy”: 2 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: two weeks

Sample of the subject - The Latin American Economy:
Latin America Economy

Description of the Subject: Economy and Integration of Latin America.

  1. Regional deceleration. The Latin American economic growth rate: 1.1%
  2. Mexico and Central America: 2,7%
  3. Causes: global crisis, reduction world trade, and decline in export commodity prices (agricultural, energy, crude oil, and raw materials)
  4. Volatility of financial markets
  5. Diminishing of investment
  6. Unemployment rate: 6%

Latin America Foreign Trade

  1. After six years of uninterrupted growth, the gross domestic product of Latin America and the Caribbean fall by 1.8% and per capita GDP by close to 2.9%
  2. The global crisis hit the region hard at the end of 2008 and early 2009, taking a toll on all of its countrie.
  3. The economic slowdown cut into labour demand, and the unemployment rate is esteemed to rise to 8.3% for the region overall, while the new jobs that have been created are of poorer quality
  4. The effects of the crisis were channelled through the real sector of the economies, damaging what had been the main engines of regional growth
  5. Exports plunged, while the contraction of the economic activity worldwide, together with the drop in International Trade flows, lowered commodity prices, which hurt the terms of the international trade in Latin America
  6. At the same time, revenue from remittances and tourism fell, with Mexico and the countries of Central America and the Caribbean suffering the most, and foreign direct investment plummeted by 37%.
  7. Economic Growth is esteemed to be slower in some of the most open economies that have a less diversified portfolio of trade partners and a heavier reliance on manufacturing
  8. The same can be said for the Caribbean Economies, some of which are facing complex financial and exchange-rate situations
  9. The drop in foreign investment was generalised in all the subregions in Latin America and the Caribbean
  10. Brazil continued to be the main recipient of the foreign direct investment (FDI), followed by Chile, Mexico, the Republic of Colombia and Argentina
  11. Among the medium-sized and large economies in Latin America, Chile is the economy with the highest proportion of foreign direct investment concerning its gross domestic product (8%)
  12. As in the past, the services sector received the most amount of the foreign direct investment, while the primary sector (agriculture, mining, and hydrocarbons) experienced a relative drop.
  13. The United States continued to be the main investor in the region, followed by Spain and Canada

Economy Integration in Latin America

Source: The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.



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