Sub-subject: Introduction to India (Religion, Hinduism, Values…) Syllabus:
- India: population, main cities, Ayurvedic…
- History of India.
- India: the “spiritual land.”
- Introduction to the Indian religions:
- Values of the Indian society.
Sample of the Sub-subject: Bhagavad-Gita (Hinduism)
Sub-Subject Description (Introduction to India):
The Republic of India:
- India is one of the oldest civilisations in the World (Hindu Civilisation)
- India has become self-sufficient in agricultural production
- India is among the ten most industrialised nation in the World.
- India is one of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) markets
- The population of India: 1,210 million (17% of the world's population).
- Literacy rate in India is 64.84%, 75.26 for males and 53.67 for females.
- Constitution of India recognises twenty-two different languages; Hindi is the official language.
English is the language of business in India.
- Area of India 3,287,595 square kilometres (2.4% of the World area)
- The capital of India is New Delhi
- India's largest city is Mumbai
- Type of Government: federal Parliamentary Republic
- Independence: 1947 (UK)
- Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
- Borders of India: Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma.
- Nearby island countries: Indonesia, Maldives, and Sri Lanka.
Official languages: Hindi and English (*).
India recognises thirty official languages:
- Assamese (Assam).
- Bengali (Tripura and West Bengal).
- Bodo (Assam).
- Dogri (Jammu and Kashmir).
- Gujarati (Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Gujarat).
- Hindi (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bijar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jariana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya
Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttaranchal)
- Kannada (Karnataka).
- Konkani (Goa).
- Maithili (Bihar).
- Malayalam (Kerala and Lakshadweep).
- Manipuri (Manipur).
- Marathi (Maharashtra).
- Nepali (Sikkim).
- Oriya (Orissa).
- Punjabi (Punjab).
- Tamil (Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry).
- Telugu (Andhra Pradesh).
- Urdu (Jammu and Kashmir).
- Punjabi (Punjab).
The capital of India is Delhi, the centre of Indian politics and international embassies. Delhi has one of the highest per capita
revenue levels in the Republic of India.
- Mumbai (Bombay) is the commercial capital of India and one of the biggest cities in the World (16 millions of people).
- Bangalore is the “Silicon Valley of India” and the leading Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) centre.
- Kolkata (Calcutta) is one of the biggest metropolitan cities in India with strong cultural and litreary tradition.
- Chennai (Madras) in South India has a strong industrial
base, many engineering and technical companies in India are in Chennai
It is necessary to know Indian history to know the Indian culture and the form of doing business locally, especially the influence of Hinduism.
- History and culture of India begin along the Indus River.
- The Republic of India has the most religious diversity in any
nation. In India, was born the Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, and Jainism.
- In India, religion is vital. Hinduism is the religion of 82% of the population
- Hinduism is the third biggest religion in the World (after Christianity and Islam):
837 million followers (13% of the population in the World).
- Hinduism is the main religion in India, Nepal, and among
the Tamils in Sri Lanka.
- Hindu sacred texts are perhaps the most ancient religious texts still
surviving today. Primary sacred texts of Hinduism are the Vedas:
the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.
- Bhagavad-Gita, considered part of the Mahabharata (400 or 300 B.C.), is a central text of Hinduism, a philosophical dialogue between the god Krishna and the warrior Arjuna. This is one of the most popular and accessible of all Hindu scriptures, required reading
for anyone interested in Hinduism.
- Whereas; it remains a major force in India.
- Mahatma Gandhi has come to be known as the Father of India and a beacon of light in the last decades of British colonial rule, promoting non-violence, justice, and harmony among people of all faiths.
- The Ayurvedic idea is that the organism adapts to the environment and its food and climate. This principle of adaptation is called Satyma.
In India, Ayurveda is gaining much prominence as an alternative to western medicine.
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