International Trade (Bachelor's Degree Africa)

EENI- School of International Business

Techniques of International Trade: Incoterms, Customs, Documentary Credits (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, second semester)

Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business

Subject - “Techniques of International Trade (Incoterms, Customs, documentary credits)” (6 ECTS) - Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (second semester)

Syllabus of the Program: Incoterms

  1. Introduction to the Incoterms
  2. International Transport and Incoterms
  3. Analysis of the Incoterms
  4. News Incoterms: DAT and DAP
  5. Replaced Incoterms: DAF, DES, DEQ and DDU
  6. Incoterms for maritime transport and inland navigation: FAS, FOB, CFR, CIF
  7. Suitable Incoterms for all kinds of transport: EXW, FCA, CPT, CIP, DAT, DAP, DDP
  8. How are Incoterms used?
  9. Selection criteria of the Incoterms

Objectives of the Program “Incoterms”:

  1. To understand the importance of the Incoterms in Foreign Trade
  2. To learn how to calculate the price in function of the Incoterms
  3. To know the risk, cost and formalities required in function of the selected Incoterm

Syllabus of the Program: Customs Procedures

  1. Introduction to the customs procedures
  2. Functions of the customs
  3. Examination of goods
  4. Classification of goods
  5. Customs treatment and clearance
  6. Summary declaration
  7. Release for free circulation
  8. Dispatch for consumption
  9. Origin of goods.
  10. Customs Legislation. Customs valuation in the European Union (EU)
  11. Import Procedures
  12. Single Administrative Document
  13. VAT payable on imported goods
  14. TARIC (Integrated Tariff of the Community)
  15. Customs agents
  16. Case Study:
    1. European Customs Union (EU)
    2. Chinese Customs
    3. European Union-Turkey Customs Union
    4. Market Access database (EU)

Objectives of the Program “Customs and International Trade”:

  1. To understand the role and functioning of Customs in foreign trade transactions, as well as the different trade regimes and methods of classification of products
  2. To know the import process of a product as well as the customs procedures
  3. To know the Regional Integration Process and his relationship with customs: European Union, MERCOSUR, Andean Community, Central American Integration System, ASEAN, Gulf Cooperation Council, Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), ECOWAS, WAEMU, ECCAS, CEMAC, SADC, EAC, e IGAD...

Syllabus of the Program: World Customs Organisation (WCO)

  1. Introduction to the World Customs Organisation (WCO)
  2. Agreement on Rules of Origin of the World Trade Organisation
  3. Harmonised System (HS) of the WCO
  4. Customs Procedures and Facilitation
  5. Rules of Origin
  6. Customs Valuation
  7. Customs Enforcement and Compliance
  8. SAFE Package
  9. Conventions:
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention
    2. ATA System
    3. Customs Convention on Containers
  10. Case Study: market access map

The objectives of the Program “World Customs Organisation”:

  1. To know the objectives of the World Customs Organisation (OMA)
  2. To understand the Harmonised System
  3. To understand the Customs Valuation methods and criteria of origin
  4. To analyse the trade facilitation programs and customs procedures

Syllabus of the Program: Documentary credit. Methods of Payment.

  1. Introduction to the International Payment Methods
  2. Bank Transfer
  3. Bank Draft
  4. Bills of Exchange
  5. Clean collection
  6. Documentary Collections
  7. Letters of Credit (L/C): types, modalities, terminology, and availability
  8. Opening a letter of credit
  9. Contents of the letter of credit
  10. Documents required
  11. UCP 600
  12. Electronic L/C (e-UCP)
  13. Analysis of the documentary credits
  14. Import letters of credit
  15. Case Study: M-PESA in East Africa

Objectives of the Program “Documentary credits”:

  1. To understand the different Methods of Payment used in International Trade and outlining their differences, advantages, and disadvantages both for the importer and exporter
  2. To understand what documentary collections are and how they work
  3. To understand the importance of the documentary credit in the foreign trade transactions and its functioning
  4. To know the importance of Documentary credits and letter of credit in international trade

Samples: Techniques of International Trade (Incoterms, Customs, documentary credits) (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, second semester)

COMESA Custom Union




Documentary credits

Letters of Credit

Language of the subject “Techniques of International Trade (Incoterms, Customs, documentary credits)” of the Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (second semester): English or Spanish Licenciatura África French Licence Afrique Portuguese Bachelor's Degree Africa

U-EENI University Catalonia is Spain