African Integration Organisations (Degree Africa)

EENI- School of International Business

African Economic Organisations and Integration (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, third semester)


Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business

Subject - “African Economic Organisations and Integration” (5 ECTS) - Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (third semester)

Syllabus of the Program: Southern African Development Community (SADC).

  1. Introduction to the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  2. Main institutions of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  3. History of the Southern African Development Community
  4. Treaty of the SADC (1992)
  5. Economic profile of the region of the Southern African Development Community (SADC): Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, the Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe
  6. SADC Strategic Plans
  7. Southern Africa Economic Development
  8. International Trade in the region of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    a- Foreign Trade Liberalisation
    b- Customs and foreign trade facilitation
    c- Competition Policy
    d- Non-tariff barriers
    e- Trade in services
    f- Trade Development Program of the Southern African Development Community
  9. Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan
  10. Directorate of International Trade, industry, finance and investments
  11. Integration Process in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
    a- SADC Free-trade area (2008)
    b- Customs Union (2010)
    c- Common Market (2015)
    d- Economic and Monetary Union (2016)
    e- Single currency (2018)
  12. Infrastructures and services in the region of the Southern African Development Community
  13. Transport in the region of the SADC
  14. ICT and telecommunications
  15. Tourism
  16. Food, agriculture and natural resources
  17. Foreign trade hub of Southern Africa
  18. Protocol against corruption of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  19. SADC's Free Trade Agreements
    1. European Union-SADC Economic Association Agreement (provisional)
    2. India-Southern African Customs Union Agreement
    3. Agreement with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Objectives of the Program “Southern African Development Community (SADC)”:

  1. To understand the objectives and institutions related to the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  2. To evaluate the advantages for the member countries of the SADC and the areas of cooperation
  3. To analyse the Economic Integration process: the free-trade area of the SADC, Customs Union, Common Market, Economic and Monetary Union and the single currency
  4. To analyse the intra-SADC Trade
  5. To know the Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  6. To know the trade agreements of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

European Union-Southern African Development Community Free Trade Agreement

  1. Introduction to the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  2. International Trade Liberalisation

India-Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Preferential Trade Agreement

  1. Introduction to the India-Southern African Customs Union Preferential Trade Agreement
  2. International Trade between the Republic of India and South Africa

Syllabus of the Program: East African Community (EAC)

  1. Introduction to the East African Community (EAC): Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda
  2. Trade regime of the East African Community
  3. Agencies of the East African Community
  4. Structure and attributions of the Secretary of the East African Community
  5. Creation of the Customs Union
  6. Creation of the Common Market
  7. Monetary and financial cooperation
  8. Treaty for the creation of the East African Community
  9. East African Development Bank
  10. Economy and International Trade in the region of the EAC
  11. Investing in the markets of the East African Community
  12. Development of strategic alliances
  13. Common Market of the East African Community
  14. Customs Administration
  15. Foreign trade liberalisation
  16. Trade-Related Aspects
  17. Programs of export promotion
  18. Common external tariff of the East African Community
  19. European Union-East African Community Economic Association Agreement (in negotiation)

Objectives of the Program “East African Community (EAC)”:

  1. To understand the objectives and functions of the East African Community
  2. To evaluate the advantages for the member countries and the areas of cooperation in East African Community
  3. To analyse the Economic Integration process (Customs Union and Common Market) and the International Trade between the member countries of the East African Community
  4. To know the role of the East African Development Bank

East African Community (EAC)-United States Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement.

  1. Introduction to the Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement between the East African Community and the US
  2. Objectives of the Association Agreement
  3. International Trade between the countries of the EAC and the US

Syllabus of the Program: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

  1. Introduction to Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  2. COMESA Process of make decisions
  3. COMESA Integration Process
    1. Free-trade area of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    2. COMESA Customs Union
    3. Common Market
    4. Economic Community
  4. Trade facilitation in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    1. Elimination of non-tariff barriers
  5. Economy of the COMESA region.
    1. International Trade of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
    2. Intra-COMESA Trade
    3. Trade in services
    4. Investments in the COMESA region
    5. Industry
    6. Energy
  6. Agriculture of the region of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    1. Detailed Program for the Development of the African Agriculture
    2. Alliance for Commodity Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa
    3. Harmonisation Program of the sanitary and phytosanitary measures
  7. Infrastructures in the COMESA region.
    1. Transport facilitation
  8. Information and communication technologies
  9. Institutions and Agencies of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
    1. PTA Bank (Bank of Trade and Development of Eastern and Southern Africa)
    2. COMESA Reinsurance Company
    3. Regional Investment Agency
    4. African Trade Insurance Agency
    5. Federation of National Associations of Women in Business of the COMESA
    6. COMESA Entrepreneurs Council

Objectives of the Program “Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)”:

  1. To understand the objectives, functions and institutions of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  2. To know the economy of the COMESA region
  3. To analyse the COMESA Integration Process: the free-trade area, the Customs Union, the Common Market and the Economic Community COMESA
  4. To evaluate the advantages for the member countries of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  5. To know the COMESA trade and transport facilitation programs
  6. To analyse the role of the related institutions: the ZEP Bank, AIRC, the COMESA Reinsurance Company, ACA.
  7. To know the Nile Basin Initiative, the Indian Ocean Commission and the Economic Community of the Great Lakes Region

United States-COMESA Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIF).

  1. United States-COMESA countries (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIF)
  2. International Trade between the United States and the countries of the COMESA
  3. Advantages of the United States-COMESA Trade and Investment Framework Agreement

Syllabus of the Program: COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Agreement.

  1. Introduction to the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Agreement
  2. Institutional framework
  3. Areas of intervention
  4. Tripartite free-trade area
  5. Trade facilitation
  6. Transport facilitation: the North-South Corridor
  7. Infrastructure Development
  8. Mechanisms related to foreign trade
  9. Corridors and infrastructures of the COMESA-SADC-EAC region
  10. Case Study: the mechanism of report, follow up and elimination of non-tariff barriers (*)
  11. Towards the African continental free-trade area

Objectives of the Program “COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Agreement”:

  1. To understand the objectives (Customs Union) and areas of cooperation of the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Agreement
  2. To evaluate the advantages for the member countries of the tripartite
  3. To understand the advantages of the Tripartite free-trade area (ZLE)
  4. To analyse the trade facilitation programs, transport (African corridors...), elimination of non-tariff barriers.
  5. To understand the Tripartite Agreement as a stage towards the African continental free-trade area

Syllabus of the Program: Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD).

  1. Introduction to the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
  2. Member states of the CEN-SAD: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, the Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Chad, Togo and Tunisia
  3. Sahel-Saharan Bank for Investment and Trade (BSIC)
  4. Regional Food Security Programme
  5. African Initiative of the Great Green Wall

Objectives of the Program “Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)”:

  1. To understand the objectives of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
  2. To evaluate the advantages for the member countries of the CEN-SAD
  3. To analyse the areas of cooperation and programs of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States
  4. To know the role of the Sahel-Saharan Bank for Investment and Trade

Syllabus of the Program: Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA).

  1. Introduction to the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)
  2. OHADA Uniform Acts
  3. Commercial law
  4. Law of companies
  5. Law on Guarantees and Bonds
  6. Cancellation of liabilities in case of insolvency
  7. Arbitration Law of the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa
  8. Organisation and harmonisation of corporate accounting
  9. Contracts of carriage of goods by road
  10. Cooperatives Law
  11. Treaty on the Harmonisation of African Business Law

Objectives of the Program “Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)”:

  1. To understand the objectives (legal integration) of the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa
  2. To know the OHADA Uniform Acts (the commercial law, the arbitration, the transport...)
  3. To analyse the implications for business and companies
  4. To understand the role of the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa in the African Integration

We Trust in Africa

  1. ECTS = European Transfer and Accumulation System
  2. CECT = Credit of Capitalisable and Transferable Evaluation (CAMES)

Samples: African Economic Organisations and Integration (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, third semester)

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)

Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)

SADC Customs Union

East African Community (EAC) Customs Union

Tripartite Agreement COMESA-EAC-SADC

Language of the subject “African Economic Organisations and Integration” of the Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (third semester): English or Spanish Licenciatura África French Licence Afrique Portuguese Bachelor's Degree Africa



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