African Civilisation (Degree in Inter-African Business)

EENI- School of International Business

African Civilisation (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, first semester)


Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business

Subject - “African Civilisation” (5 ECTS) - Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (first semester)

The objectives of the subject “African Civilisation” are...

  1. To understand the role of Africa in the history of humanity
  2. To study the Transatlantic Slave Trade and its impact on the African, European, and American development
  3. To analyse the socio-economic effects of colonisation and independence on the African countries
  4. To know the most influential African Historians
  5. To analyse the African population trends (in 25 years, 25% of the world's population will be African)
  6. To understand the concept of “African demographic dividend
  7. To analyse the African Diaspora in America and its current relations with Africa

Note: There are scholars, especially in the West, who prefer not to consider the existence of an African Civilisation. Our point of view is quite the opposite: we believe that there is indeed one or more African civilisations or sub-civilisations, a point of view shared by almost all the African historians. Also, we must never forget that Africa is the cradle of humanity and from Africa, Homo Sapiens colonised the world.

We Trust in Africa

We want to be part of this African renaissance and collaborate to explain to the world the fundamental role that Africa has, have and will have in the history of humanity. Thus, within this subject on the African Civilisation, a series of topics have been developed in the history of Africa, the African historians, the slave trade, the African Diaspora... That allows understanding better the African reality.

  1. ECTS = European Transfer and Accumulation System
  2. CECT = Credit of Capitalisable and Transferable Evaluation (CAMES)

Map Civilisations and integration

Syllabus of the Program: Introduction to the African Civilisation.

  1. African continent
  2. Geography of Africa
  3. African ethnic groups
  4. Main African languages: English, French, Portuguese, Arabic, Swahili
  5. Spanish is the official language of the African Union and Equatorial Guinea

Syllabus of the Program: Leading role of Africa in the history.

  1. Africa: the cradle of humanity
  2. From the Pro-Consul to Homo Sapiens
  3. The first African revolution: the first hominoid (Proconsul)
  4. Second African revolution: the genus Homo
  5. Third African revolution (and fundamental): Homo Sapiens
  6. Colonisation of the world by Homo Sapiens
  7. Conclusions

Syllabus of the Program: African Civilisation and Ancient Egypt (Sheikh Anta Diop).

  1. Pharaonic Egypt's membership to the universe of Black Africa
  2. Cultural arguments: linguistic, writing, architectural, handicrafts, musical instruments, art, technology
  3. Sociological arguments: matriarchy, totemism, religion, philosophy, the transmission of knowledge (ceremonies of initiation)
  4. Anthropological arguments: the blackness of the Egyptians, physical anthropology, molecular biology, iconography

Syllabus of the Program: Transatlantic Slave Trade (Africa)

The transatlantic slave trade (men, women, and children): a crime against humanity.

1- Introduction to the slave trade

  1. Role of the UNESCO. Project: the slave route
  2. Introduction to the slave trade in the Arab-Muslim world
  3. Trafficking in the Indian Ocean
  4. Slavery as an “institution”

2- Transatlantic slave trade

  1. Slave routes
  2. Why the African slaves?
  3. Transatlantic slave trade and its impact on African, European, and American development

3- Similarities and differences between the various forms of the slave trade

  1. History of Slavery in Africa
  2. Moral dimensions of the slave trade
  3. Transatlantic Slave Trade
  4. Slave trade between the 16th and 18th centuries

4- Revolts of the slaves

5. Abolitionist movements. Abolition of slavery.

  1. Quakers, William Wilberforce...
  2. The case of abolition in Santo Domingo
  3. Haitian Revolution
  4. Prohibitions on the slave trade
  5. Abolitionist decrees
  6. End of Slavery
  7. From the abolition of slavery to colonisation
  8. Abolition by country
  9. Abolition of the slave trade (UNESCO)

6- Post-slavery societies in America.

  1. African Diaspora in the Americas
  2. Creation of the identity
  3. Contributions to society: music (jazz), language, science, religion...
  4. Racist theories
  5. Socio-psychological consequences

7. Slavery in a Globalised World

  1. Conventions that prohibit the slavery
  2. Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery
  3. Slavery Today
  4. New Forms of Slavery

8- Quakers

  1. Introduction to Quakerism (Religious Society of Friends)
  2. George Fox and William Penn
  3. Ethical Principles of Quakers
  4. Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the Quakers
  5. The Quakers and the Abolition of Slavery

9 - William Wilberforce.

  1. The British Anglican abolitionist William Wilberforce
  2. Crucial Role of William Wilberforce in the Struggle against Slavery

10- Victor Schoelcher

  1. The French Catholic humanist and abolitionist Victor Schoelcher
  2. His role in the abolition of slavery

Bibliography: General History of Africa of the UNESCO

Syllabus of the Program: Africa under colonial domination

  1. Introduction to the colonisation of Africa
  2. Africa in 1880: the African kings rule 80% of Africa
  3. Africa in 1914: only two countries, Ethiopia and Liberia, were not colonised
  4. Military conquest of Africa by the imperialist powers
  5. Western colonial settlement
  6. African attitude
  7. Resistance of the African people
  8. New African economic and social system
  9. African Demographic Transformations

Bibliography: General History of Africa of the UNESCO

Syllabus of the Program: Decolonisation and independence of the African countries. Africa after 1935.

  1. Process of decolonisation in Africa
  2. Independence of African countries
  3. The Second World War and Africa
  4. Role of African Political Parties
  5. New African policy
  6. Decolonisation movements
  7. Underdevelopment
  8. African agriculture
  9. Construction of African nations
  10. Civil wars, coups d'état...

Bibliography: history General of Africa of the UNESCO

Syllabus of the Program: African historians.

Sheikh Anta Diop and the African Renaissance

  1. The Senegalese Muslim historian Sheikh Anta Diop
  2. Relations between the Egyptian civilisation and Black Africa
  3. Concept of the African renaissance of Sheikh Anta Diop

Ahmadou Hampaté Bá (Ethnologist, Mali)

  1. The Malian Muslim historian and poet Ahmadou Hampaté Bá: one of the greatest scholars of the African culture
  2. His book “Jesus Seen by a Muslim”: the pillar for the dialogue between Islam and Christianity in Africa
  3. Works of Ahmadou Hampaté Bá on the African oral traditions

“In Africa, when an old man dies, a library disappears” Ahmadou Hampaté Bá

Dr Joseph Ki-Zerbo (Burkina Faso)

  1. The Burkinabe Catholic historian Dr Joseph Ki-Zerbo
  2. Works of Joseph Ki-Zerbo on the history of Africa

“Africa, the cradle of humanity has a history and gave birth to history” Dr Joseph Ki-Zerbo.

Théophile Obenga (Republic of Congo)

  1. The Congolese Catholic linguist and historian Théophile Obenga
  2. The Black-Egyptian theory of the historical linguistics of Théophile Obenga
  3. Main works of Théophile Obenga

Elikia M'Bokolo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

  1. The Congolese Catholic historian Elikia M'Bokolo
  2. Main works of Elikia M'Bokolo on the contemporary history of Africa and African civilisation

HE Boubou Hama (Niger)

  1. The Nigerian Muslim poet and historian HE Boubou Hama
  2. Boubou Hama's works on African culture

Hichem Djaït (Tunisia)

  1. The Tunisian Muslim historian Hichem Djaït
  2. Works of Djaït on medieval Islamic history

Pathé Diagne (Political scientist and linguist from Senegal)

  1. The Senegalese Muslim linguist Pathé Diagne
  2. His works on the Wolofs and African politics
  3. Translation of the Koran to Wolof

Christophe Wondji (historian, Ivory Coast)

  1. The Ivorian historian Christophe Wondji
  2. Black Christ of the Lagoons (Prophet Harris)

Djibril Tamsir Niane (historian, Guinea-Conakry).

  1. The Guinean Muslim historian Djibril Tamsir Niane
  2. Work of Djibril Tamsir Niane on oral tradition in Africa
  3. Epic of Soundiata

Bethwell Allan Ogot (historian, Kenya)

  1. The Kenyan historian Bethwell Allan Ogot
  2. Works of Bethwell Allan Ogot on African History

Jacob Festus Adeniyi Ajayi (historian, Nigeria)

  1. The Nigerian historian J. F. Ade Ajayi
  2. Work of J. F. Ade Ajayi on the Yoruba, the slave trade and African history

Akin Mabogunje (Nigerian historian, Nigeria)

  1. The Nigerian historian and geographer Akin Mabogunje
  2. Mabogunje's work on urbanisation in Africa

Albert Adu Boahen Kwadwo (historian, Ghana)

  1. The Ghanaian historian Albert Adu Boahen Kwadwo
  2. Boahen Kwadwo's works on colonialism in Africa and contemporary history of Africa

Ali Al'amin Mazrui (historian, Kenya)

  1. The Kenyan historian A.A. Mazrui
  2. Reflections on Africanism, Islam, and Christianity

Syllabus of the Program: African Geography.

  1. Introduction to the African continent
  2. African Geographical Areas
    1. The Sahara Desert
      1. Desertification of the Sahara
      2. Influence of the Sahara in Africa and the rest of the world
    2. Maghreb
    3. Sahel
    4. Sudan region
    5. Horn of Africa
    6. Sub-Saharan Africa
    7. Guinean region
    8. Congo
    9. East African Rift
  3. African rivers and lakes: Nile, Niger, Congo...
  4. African Mountains
  5. African Islands
  6. Climate of Africa

Syllabus of the Program: African ethnic groups.

  1. Introduction to the African Ethnic Groups
  2. West Africa: Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Mandé, Akan, Kanuri
  3. Central Africa: Luba, Mongo, Kongo
  4. South Africa: Hutus, Chewe, Luo
  5. Horn of Africa: Oromo, Amhara, Somali, Tigray-tigrinya
  6. South Africa: Shona, Zulu
  7. North Africa: Maghreb, Barber, Egyptian, Coptic

Role of the Bantu in the history of Africa

  1. Bantu expansion
  2. Bantu languages
  3. Bantu ethnic groups
  4. Bantu today

Syllabus of the Program: Human Development in Africa.

  1. Introduction to the human development in Africa
  2. Poverty reduction channels
  3. Inclusion, gender equality and environmental sustainability
  4. Effects of climate change in Africa
  5. African value chains and human development

Syllabus of the Program: African Languages

  1. Introduction to the African languages
  2. African language groups:
    1. Afro-Asian languages: Arabic, Hausa, Oromo, Amharic, Somali, Berber...
    2. Nilo-Saharan languages: Luo, Kanuri, Songhay, Tesco, Nubio, Lugbara, Kalenjin, Maasai...
    3. Nigerian-Congolese languages: Swahili, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, Shona, Zulu
    4. Khoisan languages
    5. Austronesia languages
  3. African Academy of Languages
  4. Imported European colonial languages (English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish)
  5. Arabic in Africa
  6. Linguas francas (Swahili, Hausa)

Syllabus of the Program: Trends of the African population.

“The future of humanity will be African” (UNICEF). In 35 years, 25% of the world's population will be African.

  1. African population trends
  2. Comparison between the African population and the rest of the world
  3. Growth of the African cities
  4. African Progress Report (African Development Bank)
  5. Life expectancy and African mortality
  6. Generation 2030: African demographics in Africa (UNICEF)
  7. Children, adolescents, working-age and older persons in Africa
  8. Trends in births in Africa (2030: 33% of world's births)
  9. Education in Africa
  10. Health in Africa
  11. Density and urbanisation in Africa
  12. Fragility and poverty in Africa
  13. Demographic Transition of Africa
  14. African demographic dividend

Syllabus of the Program: Introduction to religions in Africa

1- Introduction to animist religions

2- Christianity in Africa

  1. Christianity in Africa: 24% of all Christians in the world
  2. African Countries with Christian majorities
  3. Protestants, Orthodox, and Catholics in Africa
  4. The case of Ethiopia (Coptic)

3- Islam in Africa

  1. Islam in Africa
  2. Islam in Egypt
  3. Islam in Sudan
  4. Islam in East Africa
  5. Religious diversity in West Africa: Islam and Christianity
  6. Islam in the Maghreb (Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania)

Syllabus of the Program: African Diaspora in the Americas.

Introduction to the African Diaspora in the Americas

  1. Afro-Americans: Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. del Bois, Aimé Césaire, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Angela Davis, Stokley Carmichael, León Damas, Toni Morrison (Nobel prize), Garrett A. Morgan, Patricia Bath, Charles Drew, Toussaint Louverture
  2. Black pride. Marcus Garvey
  3. Contributions to the Society

Harriet Tubman

  1. Afro-American Harriet Tubman: the “Messiah of the Black People”
  2. From black slave to abolitionist

Frederick Douglass

  1. The American abolitionist and ex-slave Frederick Douglass
  2. His autobiographical book “The Story of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

Aimé Césaire

  1. The Martinican poet Aimé Fernand David Césaire
  2. concept of blackness

Toussaint Louverture

  1. The Haitian Afro-American Toussaint Louverture
  2. From a Haitian slave to the leader of the Haitian revolution

Marcus Garvey

  1. The Jamaican Catholic black leader Marcus Garvey
  2. Pan-African vision of Marcus Garvey

Martin Luther King

  1. The Baptist pastor and Nobel Peace Prize winner Martin Luther King
  2. His concept of civil disobedience based on non-violence
  3. Influence of Thoreau, Tolstoy, and Gandhi on Martin Luther King

The subjects of the first semester of the Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business

African Institutions (Bachelor's Degree Africa, L1-1)

Samples: African Civilisation (Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business, e-learning, first semester)

Ahmadou Hampaté Bá (MALI)

African slave routes

Dr Joseph Ki-Zerbo (Burkina)

William Wilberforce

Sheikh Anta Diop (Senegal)

Language of the subject “African Civilisation” of the Bachelor's Degree in Inter-African Business (first semester): English or Spanish Licenciatura África French Licence Afrique Portuguese Bachelor's Degree Africa



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