Sub-subject: Principles of Confucian Ethics. Confucianist Golden Rule. Syllabus:
Sample of the Sub-subject: Confucian Ethics
Sub-Subject Description: Principles of Confucian Ethics.
Confucius fought against the concept of a feudal society, seeking a way to structure society so that positions of responsibility were occupied by the “superior moral man.” A revolutionary idea, both in his and our times.
In Confucianism, both the man and the society in which he lives are a small part of the universe. The universe is immersed in order, in a harmony. Any attempt to break this harmony creates troubles, at this point coincide with Taoism. Somehow, this concept creates a sense of predestination.
The “Golden Rule” of Confucianism
Perhaps the following sentence of Confucius is already known to the reader:
“Do not do unto others what you do not want others to do unto you.”
We can found this “golden rule” in virtually all the higher religions in the World. Moreover, is the cornerstone of Confucian ethics. In the Analects is cited three times:
Zigong said: “What I do not want to be done to me, I do not want to do to others.”
In XV-23 is repeated in a similar way.
Confucius “The Benevolence is not to do to others what you would not want to be done to yourself” Analects XII-1
Five fundamental principles of Confucianism - (“The contents of deliberate tradition”):
1. Education, Ritual (Li).
“Study as if you never learned enough as if you were afraid to forget what you have learned.” Analects.
2. Humanity (Ren).
“Self-control and insistence on rites are what will result in Benevolence (Ren). Benevolence comes from yourself, not from others.” Analects Book XII-1
“Ren is to love others.” Analects Book XII-22
3. Superior Man (Jun zi).
“The superior man is centred on justice, the vulgar in the benefit.” Analects 4-16
4. Power (Te) “Te is the power by which men are governed.”
The right thing is not implanted in society or by force or by law, but by the influence of people admired and respected. If the leader is inept, society does not work.
5. Arts of Peace (Wen).
“Let the will be set on the path of duty. Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. Let perfect virtue be accorded with. Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts” Analects VII-6
Chinese scientists and expert M. Bond (1987) have developed a new approach to intercultural negotiation that includes traditional Asian values. The Confucian Dynamism means the extent to which a society shows a pragmatic future-orientation, compared to a conventional historical perspective view from a short-term perspective.
Confucianism has significantly influenced to Peter Drucker. He describes the Confucian ethics as a guide to the ethics of the organisations: “It is that has been more successful and longest running: the Confucian ethics, the interdependence.”