Marine transport in China
EENI - Business School.
Sub-subject- China: Marine transport and ports. Syllabus:
- Introduction to marine transport in China.
- The largest ports of China
- Port of Shanghai
- Port of Shenzhen
- Port of Guangzhou
- Port of Qingdao
- Port of Dalian
- Port of Tianjin
- Ningbo Port.
- The main Logistics companies
- China Shipping Container Lines
Sample of the Sub-subject: China: Marine transport and ports
Sub-Subject Description (China: Marine transport and ports):
Coastal ports of the People's Republic of China enable the international transport of coal, containers, imported iron ore, and grain; roll-on-roll-off operations between mainland China and islands;
and deep-water access to the sea.
Freight volumes handled by some large ports surpass 100 million tonnes a year; and the Shanghai, Shenzhen, Qingdao, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo, and Dalian
are among the top
fifty container ports in the World.
Today; it comes to being three levels of the container ports:
container main route ports which include eight ports of Dalian, Tianjin, Qingdao, Shanghai, Ningbo, Xia'men, Shenzhen, and Guangzhou, feeder ports around those largest ports and minor local ports.
The People's Republic of China becomes the largest container Import-Export nation in the World.
- Port of Shanghai is situated in the middle of the 18,000 kilometres-long
Chinese coastlines, where the Yangtze River, known as “the Golden Waterway,” flows into the sea.
The Port of Shanghai is the leading port in the T-shaped waterway network
composed by the Yangtze River and the coastline.
- Port of Shanghai is the biggest exhaustive port of China and one of the Chinese largest gateways for foreign trade. Port of Shanghai serves large hinterland the Yangtze River Delta and the entire Yangtze River valley. The annual import and export trade through Shanghai accounts for a 25% of the total trade of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
- Shanghai International Port (Group) is the exclusive operator of all the public terminals in the Port of Shanghai.
- Ningbo Port is well situated in the middle of the coastline of the People's Republic of China, at the T-shaped joining point of the coastline of China and the Yangtze River. It is a
famous deep-water port of mainland China. It enjoys sole natural conditions with convenient traffic reaching in all directions. Outwardly the port links East Asia and the whole round-the-Pacific region. The port has remained the second in cargo throughput and the fourth in container throughput in China (top
in the World).
- Port of Shenzhen is one of the engaged (busiest) and fastest growing ports in Southern mainland of the People's Republic of China. The Port of Shenzhen is situated in the South region of the Greater Pearl River Delta in Guangdong province. It is the economic hinterland for Hong Kong trade with the Mainland and one of the largest port of international trade of China.
- Port of Guangzhou is the biggest exhaustive hub port in South China. With the impulse from the fast growing economy in its hinterlands, Port of Guangzhou keeps a sustainable increase in cargo volume. It is the third port in the People's Republic of China to register annual traffic
more than 400 million tonnes, after the Ports of Shanghai and Ningbo. Guangzhou
has become a bridgehead for global logistics giants to make inroads into the Chinese market and Hong Kong
- Port of Qingdao is the biggest port for inbound iron ore in the World, the largest port for inbound crude oil of the People's Republic of China, and second biggest port of international trade of China. The Port of Qingdao boasts the highest productivity for the handling of the container and iron ore in the World.
- Port of Dalian is situated at the central point of Northwest Pacific, the centre of the arising Northeast Asian economic circle, the gateway for this region to the Pacific and the rest of the World. With wide space and Deepwater, free of ice, the Port has superior natural conditions, the most convenient seaport for the transhipment of cargoes between Far East, South Asia, North
America, and Europe.
- Port of Tianjin is the biggest man-made port in China. Port of Tianjin is the gate of Beijing and Tianjin, and an important trade port in northern China.
On a global basis, China's rail transport volume is one of the biggest in the World, having six% of the World's operating
railways, and carrying 25% of the total railway workload in the World.