The coastal ports of
the People's Republic of China enable the international transportation of coal, containers, imported
iron ore, and grain; roll-on-roll-off operations between mainland China and islands;
and deep-water access to the sea.
Freight volumes handled by some large ports
surpass 100 million tons a year; and the Shanghai, Shenzhen, Qingdao, Tianjin,
Guangzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo and Dalian have been listed among the top 50
container ports of the world. Today, it comes to being 3 levels of container ports:
container main route ports which include 8 ports of Dalian, Tianjin, Qingdao,
Shanghai, Ningbo, Xia'men, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, feeder ports around those
main ports and minor local ports.
The People's Republic of China becomes the most important container import
export nation in the world.
Port of Shanghai is situated at the middle of the 18,000km-long
Chinese coastline, where the Yangtse River, known as "the Golden Waterway", flows into the sea.
The Port of Shanghai is the leading port in the T-shaped waterway network Composed by the Yangtse River and the coastline. Port of Shanghai is the biggest exhaustive port
of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and one of Chinese most important
gateways for foreign trade. Port of Shanghai serves immense hinterland in the Yangtse River Delta and the entire Yangtse River valley. The annual import and
export trade through Shanghai, accounts for a 25% of
total trade of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd. is the exclusive
operator of all the public terminals in the Port of Shanghai.
Ningbo Port is well situated in the middle of coastline of the
People's Republic of China (PRC), at
the T-shaped joining point of coastline of China and the Yangtze River. It's a
famous deep-water port of mainland China. It enjoys sole natural conditions
with convenient traffic reaching in all directions. Outwardly the port links
East Asia and the whole round-the-Pacific region. The port has remained the 2th in cargo throughput and the 4th in container throughput in China (top 11th
of the world)
Example of the course China: Marine transport and ports:
The Port of Shenzhen is one of the busiest and fastest growing ports
in southern mainland of the People's Republic of China. The Port of Shenzhen is
situated in the southern region of the Pearl
River Delta in Guangdong province. It is the economic hinterland for
Hong Kong trade with the Mainland and also one of the most important port of International Trade of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Port of Guangzhou is the biggest exhaustive hub port in South China. With the impulse from the fast growing economy in its hinterlands, Port
of Guangzhou keeps a sustainable increase in cargo volume. It's 3th
port of the People's Republic of China (PRC) to register annual traffic in excess of 400 million tons, after the Ports
of Shanghai and Ningbo. Guangzhou has become a bridgehead for global logistics
giants to make inroads into the Chinese market.
Port of Qingdao is the biggest port for inbound iron ore of the
is the biggest port for inbound crude oil of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and 2nd biggest port for International trade
of China. It boasts the highest productivity for the handling of container and iron ore
of the world.
Port of Dalian is situated at the central point of Northwest Pacific, center of the arising Northeast Asian economic circle, the gateway for this
region to the Pacific and the rest of the world. With broad space and deep
water, free of ice and silt, the Port has superior natural conditions, the most
convenient seaport for the transshipment of cargoes between Far East, South Asia, North America and Europe.
Port of Tianjin is the biggest artificial port in China. Port of Tianjin is the gate of Beijing and Tianjin, and an important trade port in northern China.
In 2010, the total throughout will reach 10 million TEUS.
China - Chinese economy - Customs of China - FDI in China - Beijing - Shanghai - Greater Pearl River Delta (GPRD) - Hong Kong
On a global basis, China's rail transport volume is
one of the biggest of the world, having six% of the world's operating
railways, and carrying 25% of the total railway workload of the
EENI in Chinese: 国际贸易、全球营销及国际化硕士