Introduction to China
EENI - Business School.
Sub-subject: Introduction to China. Economic Profile of Chinese provinces. Syllabus:
- Introduction to the People's Republic of China
- History of China.
- China's Geography: rivers, mountains, climate
- Chinese population.
- The main ethnic groups in China. The Han.
- Chinese Government.
- Ministry of Finance and Commerce.
- Administrative division of China.
- Provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities.
- Economic Profile of the largest Chinese provinces.
- The main cities in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing.
Religions in China.
- Mahayana Buddhism
Sub-Subject Description: The Economic Profile of the Chinese provinces
- The People's Republic of China is the third biggest nation in the World.
- Chinese population: 1,369,000 people (the most populous country)
- The capital of China is Beijing
- The city for business is Shanghai (24.2 million
- Area: 9,596,961 square kilometres
- The main language of China is Mandarin Chinese. Other languages Cantonese Chinese, Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur, and Chuang
- Type of Government: State socialist (market economy)
- China has two Special Administrative Regions:
- Borders of China: Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, South Korea, and Macau.
- China shares sea borders with South Korea, the Philippines, Japan, Vietnam, and Taiwan.
- China's currency: Renminbi (CNY)
- Abolition of slavery in China: 1910
- Major religions in China: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Christianity
- China is the Central State of the Sinic Civilisation but may also belong to the
The People's Republic of China is a nation with a very early Civilisation and a long
history. The ancient Chinese has invented: the compass, the gunpowder, the art of paper-making
or the block printing. The Great Wall or the Grand Canal built by the Chinese people are regarded as an engineering
achievement of all the times.
The People's Republic of China is divided into provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. A province or an autonomous region is subdivided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties and /or cities. A county or an autonomous county is subdivided into townships, ethnic
townships, and/or towns.
The total population in the mainland of the People's Republic of China (PRC)
is 1,369,350,000. The natural growth rate of the population was - 0.1 per thousand in Beijing and it was - 1.35 per thousand in Shanghai.
The People's Republic of China is a tied multi-ethnic nation (fifty-six
The majority ethnic group in China is the Han (91.6%). The fifty-five ethnic
Groups of the People's Republic of China are referred to as ethnic minorities.
China's major economic areas.
In the vast China we can define three major geographical and economic
- Gulf of Bohai, with the Beijing-Tianjin axis and its area of economic influence (Liaoning, Shandong, and Hebei)
- Yangtze River Delta, with its large centre in Shanghai and its area of economic influence (Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
- Pearl River Delta, in the province of Guangdong (Special Economic Zones of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Zhuhai) as the main axis.
Five major geographical areas.
From another point of view, the Chinese market can be divided into five geographical areas:
- East China, with Shanghai as the centre. Shanghai is the most populous city in China and has, with a catchment area that includes the provinces of Zhejiang (Hangzhou), Jiangsu (Nanjing) and Anhui (Hefei).
- South of China, with Guangdong as the centre.
- The large market in the Southwest, with Sichuan as the centre.
- The market of Northeast China, with Harbin as the centre.
- The North market with Beijing as the centre. Tianjin is the input port of Beijing; Qingdao is the input port of Shandong and Dalian of Liaoning Province.
Chinese economy - China ports - Customs of China - FDI China