Subject (Course): The Arab League. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Syllabus:
- The Arab world.
- The Arab League.
- The Economy of the Arab region.
- International Trade of the Arab Countries
- Greater Arab Free Trade Area
- Relationships between the League of Arab States and different regional
- MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa).
- Afro-Arab cooperation
- Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)
- Case Study:
- Orascom Telecom.
- Arab Development Funds
The objectives of the subject “The Arab League” are:
- To understand the aims, functions, and affiliated institutions of the Arab League
- To know the economic profile of the MENA region
- To assess the benefits for member countries and the areas of cooperation of the Arab League
- To know the Greater Arab Free Trade Area
Sample of the subject - League of Arab States:
Subject Description (League of Arab States):
- The Arab world is a rich compound of many and different influences.
- Various ethnic, linguistic and religious groups live in the Arab region.
- The Arabic language and Islam stand for its main cultural characteristics.
- The Arab people, spread over a huge area, benefit from common links of history.
- Arabs (21 countries) consider being part of one nation (Ummah).
- Arab people are united through their participation in League of Arab States.
- Agriculture is the main economic activity. The largest food crops are wheat, barley, rice, maize, and millet; mainly consumed within the Arab
region, while cotton, sugar-cane, sugar beets and sesame are exported as cash
- Only some Arab Countries have petroleum and natural gas resources.
- Other natural resources in Arab Countries are iron-ore, lead, phosphate, timber, and manganese.
- Saudi Arabia is the strongest economy in the Arab world. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the top Arab economy; is the eleventh
largest economy in Asia (followed by Egypt and Algeria)
- Qatar is the richest developing
country in the World (Gross domestic product per capita)
The Arab League, or the League of the Arab States, is a regional
organisation of the Arab States in the MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa).
- The League of Arab States was formed in 1945 in Cairo (Egypt) with six members:
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Yemen joined the League of Arab States in 1945.
- The Arab League has twenty-two members:
Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria (suspended), Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
- Observer states: Eritrea, Brazil, Venezuela, and India.
- The League of Arab States is implicated in political, economic, cultural, and social programs intended to promote the interests of the Arab member economies.
- The League of Arab States is rich in resources, with a large petrol and natural gas resources.
- The Arab League also has great fertile lands (South of Sudan, the food basket of the Arab world).
- The Arab League belongs to the Islamic Civilisation and the African Civilisation.
MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa)
- The Middle East: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Palestine (the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Yemen
North African countries: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia.
The MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa) has huge reserves of petroleum and natural gas that make it an essential source of global economic stability. The MENA region has 70% petroleum reserve and 46% of the natural gas reserves in the World.
Arab people use the Arabic language. Farsi, the language of Iran, and Urdu, the language of Pakistan and some parts of India, are written in Arabic script. The influence of the Arabic language has been most important in the Islamic countries. Arabic influence on other languages: Sindhi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Berber, Kurdish, Pashto, Persian, Swahili, Urdu, Hindustani, Turkish, Cypriot Greek, Malay, Rohingya, Bengali, Tagalog (the Philippines) or Indonesian.