Course (e-learning): African Regional Integration. Economic Communities
Ten subjects compose the Course “Regional Integration in Africa”:
- Introduction to Regional Integration in Africa (1 ECTS).
- Regional Economic Communities (REC)
- Status of the Regional Integration in Africa (2 ECTS)
- Action Plan for Boosting Intra-African Trade (0.5 ECTS)
- Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa (0.5 ECTS)
- Regional financial integration in Africa (0.5 ECTS)
- Infrastructures in Africa (1 ECTS).
- Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) (0.3 ECTS).
- African Value Chains (0.5 ECTS)
- Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA) (1 ECTS)
- Tripartite FTA COMESA-EAC-SADC (0.1 ECTS)
- African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) (0.5 ECTS)
Request for information of the course Regional Integration in Africa
The main objective of the course “Regional Integration in Africa” is to understanding the irreversible process of African Integration whose final goal is the creation of the “African Continental Free Trade Area.”
The specific aims of this course are:
- To understand the fundamental role of the African Union, the UNECA, the African Development Bank and the Regional economic
communities and the overlapping of functions (“Spaghetti Bowl”) in the process of African Integration.
- To understand the four pillars of the Africa’s Regional
- To understand the African Economic community, the African Customs Union and the future “African Common Market”
- To know the strengths and weakness of the African Integration
- To know the Status of the Regional Integration in Africa
- To identify the obstacles to intra-African trade
- To be familiar with the Action Plan for Boosting Intra-African Trade (to reach 25% of intra-African trade)
- To learn about the advantages of Information and communication
technologies (ICT) applied to inter-African Trade
- To understand the integration of the African Financial system and the role of Cross-border banking
- To understand the fundamental role of infrastructures (one of the drivers of African economic growth) and ICT (“African
Mobile Revolution”) in the process of African Integration.
- To be familiar with PIDA (Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa).
- To evaluate the cost of trading in Africa
- To know how African enterprises can take advantage of the African Value Chains
- To learn about two good examples of Integration: the OHADA (Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa) and the Tripartite Agreement (COMESA - EAC –SADC).
- To know the paths towards the African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA), the benefits for Africa, and the potential scenarios to achieve it.
Sample of the course - Regional Integration in Africa:
Subjects of the course - Regional Integration in Africa:
Subject 1- Introduction to the Regional Integration in Africa. Syllabus:
This subject consists of four parts:
1- Introduction to Integration in Africa.
- History of the Regional Integration Process in the African Continent
- Abuja Treaty
- Towards an African Economic Community (AEC)
- Treaties and Protocols on Regional Integration
2- Regional Economic Communities (RECs) In Africa (Summary).
- CEN-SAD (Community of Sahel-Saharan States)
- COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa)
- EAC (East African Community)
- ECCAS (Economic Community of Central African States)
- ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)
- IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development)
- SADC (Southern African Development Community)
- UMA (Arab Maghreb Union)
- COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
3- Other African Economic Groups (Summary).
- SACU (Southern African Customs Union)
- MRU (Mano River Union)
- IOC (Indian Ocean Commission)
- WAEMU (West African Economic and Monetary Union)
- WAMZ (West African Monetary
- ICGLR (International Conference on the Great Lakes Region)
- CEMAC (Economic and Monetary
Community of Central Africa)
4- Four Pillars of the Regional Integration in Africa.
- Trade and Market Integration
- Harmonisation of Sectoral Policies
- Macroeconomic Policy Convergence, Financial, and Monetary Integration
- Peace, Security, Stability, and Governance
- Facts and figures about Regional Integration in Africa
Subject 2- Status of the Regional Integration in Africa. Syllabus:
- Assessing Regional Integration in Africa (ARIA) report (the Economic Commission for Africa, the African
Development Bank, and the Africa Union)
- Developments in the major areas across the RECs (Regional Economic Communities)
- Free movement of people and right of establishment
- Macroeconomic policy convergence
- Physical integration.
- Railways. Air transport.
- Developments at the inter-REC and continental levels
- Mainstreaming regional integration
- Harmonising Rules of origin across Africa
- Trade Facilitation Measures and Programs
- Market Access and Services
- Trans-African Corridors initiatives
- Best Practices in Regional Integration in Africa
Subject Description (Regional Integration in Africa).
The Regional Economic Communities are the main
customers of the Economic Commission for Africa at the sub-regional level.
The commission and its Sub-Regional Office work in close collaboration with the main Regional Economic Communities to harmonise membership, reinforce policy and build technical capacity to pursue Regional Integration in Africa.
There are multiple regional trading blocks in Africa known as Regional Economic Communities, many of which have overlapping memberships.
The ultimate goal of the Economic Commission for Africa is to create an African Common Market.
An area where Regional Economic Communities have been observed to be more active is trade and market integration.
On average, all the Regional Economic Communities and (intra-intergovernmental organisations) registered positive growth in exports to community members, with
the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern
Africa and the CENSAD showing an average increase of 40% or more.
The West African Economic and Monetary Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on
Development, the Southern Africa development community, the Economic Community of West African States, the Arab Maghreb Union and IOC
registered growth in exports to the community in the range of 20-40%.
The Constitutive Act of the African Union makes it clear that the main goal of the African Union is to set up an African Economic community and assigns to Regional Economic Communities the primary
responsibility for making that happen. An intermediate stage in this effort is the transition of Regional Economic Communities into customs unions.A continuous evaluation of integration efficiency
in Africa is fundamental to gain a deeper understanding of the strengths and weakness of the African Integration efforts. It is from this perspective that the African Union Commission and the Economic Commission for Africa publish the report on
Assessing Regional Integration in Africa (ARIA).
The cost of doing business in Africa is usually high, due in part to infrastructure gaps, duplicative border customs procedures and uncomfortable paper requisites. Paperless foreign trade remains a distant objective. The free movement of people and the right of establishment has advanced in some Regional Economic Communities but remain a paper objective in many other African sub-regions.
African exports remain heavily concentrated in a few primary commodities, especially fuels and mining products. Of the top
twenty products exported by Africa, the vast majority are fuels, fuel products, and mineral products. A few are basic
agricultural commodities (sugar, cotton, cocoa, and coffee), and a slight number are manufactured goods.
International Transport is critical
to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (United Nations) and the objectives of Regional Integration in Africa. It is of particular importance important to intensify Africa's competitiveness in regional and Global Markets by reducing
the high cost of doing business in Africa, exacerbated by deficiencies in transport infrastructure.
❮ Samples of the Course: Regional Integration in Africa ❯