Subject (Course): Infrastructures in Africa. Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA). Syllabus:
This subject consists of two parts:
1- Infrastructures in Africa.
- Africa Infrastructure Knowledge Programme
- Infrastructure Consortium for Africa
- Trends in Africa Infrastructure Investment
- Analysis of infrastructure in Africa
- Infrastructure and economic growth in Africa
- Infrastructure and poverty reduction
- Africa’s institutional framework for infrastructure
- Urbanisation and delivery of infrastructure services
- Regional Integration and infrastructures
- Information and communication technology (ICT)
- Spectacular growth in ICT access
- African mobile revolution
- ICT and integration in Africa
- Water Resources and Supply
- Introduction to Transport and Logistics in Africa (*)
(* Analysed in another module).
2- Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA).
- Introduction to the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)
- Key sectors of the PIDA
- Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)
- Trans-boundary Water Resources
- PIDA’s outcomes: development through the regional integration
- Costs and investments
Sample of the subject - Infrastructures in Africa:
Economic Area of the African Civilisation.
Subject Description (Africa Economic growth and infrastructures).
Infrastructure has been a significant driver of strong economic growth in African economies in last years. The international transport sector in Africa requires 18 billion dollars in annual investment, 50% for operations and maintenance.
- The largest countries that are financing the infrastructures in Africa are China (13.4 billion dollars), Brazil, India, and South Korea.
- Countries most attractive for investment in infrastructures: South Africa, Kenya, Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Botswana, Uganda, Angola, Namibia, and Zambia.
- substantial investments in information and communications technology and infrastructures will be made through 2015 to meet market demand for telecommunications services in twenty-four countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Africa has benefited from some significant optimisations in infrastructure.
- 50% of the population in Africa lived in range of a GSM mobile phone signal.
- Five African countries have already
met the United Nations Millennium Goals for universal water access, and twelve others are on-track
to do so, and 80% of the main road network in Africa is in good or fair condition.
- Only 33% rural Africans has access to an all-season road, 20% of the population in
Cameroon, Ghana, Mauritania, Niger, and Tanzania must travel
2 kilometres to their main water supply.
- Consumers in Africa pay double as much for basic services as people elsewhere in the World, and a monthly
basket of prepaid mobile telephone services costs 12 USD in Africa but only 2
USD in South Asia.
- Chronic power shortages plague thirty African countries and only 25%
Africans have access to electricity. The entire installed generation capacity of forty-eight Sub-Saharan African countries is 68 gigawatts.
- Companies in many African countries indicate that the biggest obstacle to
do business is the power constraint. Outside of South Africa, power consumption is barely
1% of the level in high-income countries.
The four pillar of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) are:
- Information and Communication Technologies
- Trans-boundary Water Resources
The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) is executed by the African Development Bank, and lead by the African Union and the NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa's Development).
- Trans-African Highways Networks
- Northern Corridor