EENI Global Business School
AGOA - African Growth and Opportunity Act

Syllabus of the Subject: African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) - The United States

  1. Introduction to the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)
  2. AGOA Amendments
  3. AGOA V- Extension to third country fabric preferences
  4. AGOA- Country eligibility
  5. AGOA Product eligibility
  6. General Rules of Origin (RoO)
    1. Rules of origin for Wearing Apparel
  7. Trade Agreements U.S.-African Countries
    1. Bilateral investment treaties
    2. Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA)
  8. U.S. Trade with the Sub-Saharan Africa
    1. United States-African Countries Bilateral Trade
    2. Top African export products (textiles, apparel manufacturing, coffee, and cashew)
    3. Exports by product sector
    4. Apparel Trade under the AGOA. Trade Quotas
  9. Specialised projects
    1. West Africa Trade Hub
    2. Sub-Saharan African Suppliers to the United States
    3. U.S. Direct Investment in Africa. Successes cases
  10. African global competitiveness initiative and African trade hubs
    1. East and Central Africa Trade Hub
    2. Southern Africa Global Competitiveness Hub
    3. Case Study: Handcrafts export growth in Ghana. Senegalese exporters. African Growers at the Super Floral Show in Atlanta
  11. Historical evolution of foreign trade between the U.S. and Africa under the AGOA

The objectives of the Subject “African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)” are the following:

  1. To understand the aims of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)
  2. To evaluate the admission criteria by country and product eligibility
  3. To understand the general rules of origin for textiles under the AGOA
  4. To analyse the access to the U.S. market for the African products under the AGOA
  5. To know the trade agreements between the African Countries and the United States (COMESA, UEMOA, EAC)
  6. To analyse the international trade between the African Countries and the United States
The Subject “African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)belongs to the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Doctorates: African Business, World Trade
  2. Masters: Business in Africa, International Business, Foreign Trade, America
  3. Courses: International Relations of Africa, United States

African Student, Master / Doctorate International Business

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Loi sur la croissance et les possibilités économiques en Afrique (AGOA) Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Lei de Crescimento e Oportunidades para a África (AGOA) Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Ley de Crecimiento y Oportunidad en África (AGOA)

  1. Credits of the Subject “African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Sample of the Subject - African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA):
African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). United States-Africa Foreign Trade





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African Portal - EENI Global Business School

We Trust in Africa (EENI African Portal)

Description of the Subject: African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a U.S. Trade Act that considerably enhances the United States Market Access for forty Sub-Saharan African Countries.

The countries eligible for the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) are Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eswatini (Swaziland), Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia.

The countries not eligible for the AGOA are Zimbabwe and Sudan.

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) passed as a part of the Trade and Development Act (2000) provides to the beneficiary countries in Sub-Saharan Africa with the most liberal access to the United States Market available to any nation or region with which the United States do not have a free trade agreement (FTA).

The AGOA strengthen the African reform efforts, provides an improved access to the United States, credit, and technical expertise, and create a high-level dialogue on foreign trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the form of a United States-Sub-Saharan Africa Trade and Economic Forum.

The Africa Investment Incentive Act (2006) amends parts of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and is referred to as “AGOA IV.” The AGOA extends GSP (Generalised System of Preferences) for eligible Sub-Saharan African beneficiaries.

United States-Africa Trade AGOA

United States-Africa Trade

Since its beginning in 2000, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has contributed to the increasing of the foreign trade with Africa and diversify the range of exported products.

  1. Total international trade between the United States and Sub-Saharan Africa augmented 37% (USD 60.6 billion)
  2. The United States total exports to Africa reach 22% to USD 10.3 billion, with remarkable gains in the agricultural products, machinery, and international transport equipment
  3. The United States total imports (AGOA and non-AGOA) from Africa augmented by 40% to USD 50.3 billion, mostly owing to an increase in the petrol imports
  4. The United States imports from the Sub-Saharan African Countries under the AGOA (including its GSP dispositions) were USD 38 billion
  5. Non-petrol AGOA trade decreased by 16%, to USD 2.9 billion. Principally owing to declines in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) apparel imports (USD 1.4 billion, down 12%), minerals and metals (USD 493 million, down 32%), and transport equipment (USD 273 million, down 49%)

Bilateral investment treaty (US-African Countries): Rwanda, Mozambique, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Cameroon.

Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFA): Angola, Ghana, Liberia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East African Community (EAC), and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU).

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) belongs to the:

  1. African Civilisation
  2. North American area of the Western Civilisation.

WAEMU countries and AGOA

Nigerian Trade Agreements: Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ), Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), European Union, Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC)...

EENI Online Masters and Doctorates in Global Business adapted to:

  1. Eastern African Students: Eritrea, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Eritrea, Ethiopia, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Ethiopia, Kenya: Doctorates, Masters, Foreign Trade, Business Kenya, Mauritius, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Mauritius, Malawi Masters, Doctorates, Foreign Trade, Business Malawi, Seychelles, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Seychelles, Somalia, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Somalia, Sudan, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Sudan, Tanzania, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Tanzania, and Uganda, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Uganda.
  2. Western African Students: Gambia, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade The Gambia, Ghana, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Ghana, Liberia Online Master / Doctorate in Business, Foreign Trade Liberia, Nigeria Doctorates, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Nigeria and Sierra Leone, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Sierra Leone
  3. Central African Students: Cameroon, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Cameroon and Rwanda, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Rwanda
  4. Southern African Students: Botswana, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Botswana, Eswatini (Swaziland), Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Eswatini (Swaziland), Lesotho, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Lesotho, Namibia, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Namibia, South Africa, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade South Africa Zambia (Study Master Doctorate Business) Zambia, and Zimbabwe, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Zimbabwe.
  5. Northern African Students: Egypt, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Egypt and Libya

United States-East African Community (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

AGOA Africa US

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2021)
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